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Старый 22.02.2007, 10:28   #32
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Skull and Bones


History

The group was founded in 1832 by Alphonso Taft and William Russell. [1] The first Skull and Bones class, or "cohort," was the very next year, 1832-33. The society was all male until 1992. All new members, as in all Yale societies and most fraternal groups, must withstand an initiation.

If Skull and Bones is mentioned today, it is often in light of elite political conspiracy theories concerning use of federal power in the United States of America. The nature of the society system at Yale lends itself to such speculation.

Traditionally, the Yale Daily News published the names of newly "tapped" members of all major secret societies at Yale, but this practice was abandoned during the "student rebellion" of the sixties. It has since been reinstated informally by the campus tabloid The Rumpus. Hence, although the society's current membership rosters and activities are not officially disclosed, the membership is in fact a matter of knowledge among the incoming and outgoing Yale senior class, University administration, active alumni from other societies, and underclassmen. This may be said of the other societies, as well, particularly Wolf's Head and Scroll and Key. University archives has documents, provided by the societies, that would confirm membership.

The society inducts only rising seniors during the late junior year prior to their graduation. By reputation, "Bonesmen" tapped the current football and heavyweight rowing captains as well as notables from the Yale Daily News and Yale Lit before the 1970s. However, the group's decision, after much dispute, to admit women eventually diversified the membership. Numerous undergraduate constituencies are better represented among the recently-tapped membership compared to the cohorts, or delegations, that included the 27th, 41st and 43rd Presidents of the United States.


The Skull and Bones tomb.Members meet in the Bones "Tomb" on Thursday and Sunday evenings of each week over the course of their senior year. As with other Yale societies, the sharing of a personal history is the keystone of the senior year together in the tomb. Reputedly, members are assigned a nickname; it is understood but unsubstantiated that each member "carries on a line" in the society, and that each line is assigned a name. For Bones, these names are associated with Roman mythology, while it is said that at Scroll and Key the names are associated with Greek mythology, and with Egyptian mythology at Wolf's Head.

According to "dissident" Bones members interviewed by Alexandra Robbins for her book Secrets of The Tomb [p. 5], members dine off a set of Mussolini's silverware while in the tomb, consuming expensive gourmet meals with each other over the span of the year. Members are given new code names. The members call themselves "Knights," and simultaneously call everyone else in the world at large "barbarians." Another dissociation is that clocks in the Bones "tomb" run intentionally five minutes ahead of the rest of the world, to give the members an ongoing sense that the Bonesmen's space is a totally separate world — and a world just a bit ahead of the curve of the rest of the "barbarians" outside. [2]


Bonesmen

Skull and Bones 1947, with George H.W. Bush just left of clock. The leading families in Skull and Bones have been known because in 1985 an anonymous source leaked rosters to a private researcher, Antony C. Sutton who wrote a book on the group titled America's Secret Establishment: An Introduction to the Order of Skull & Bones. This leaked 1985 data was kept privately for over 15 years, as Sutton feared, for lack of a better word, that the photocopied pages could somehow identify the member who leaked it. The information was finally reformatted as an appendix in the book Fleshing out Skull and Bones, a compilation edited by Kris Millegan, published in 2003.

Many influential figures have been in Bones and influential families have often had multiple members over successive generations, much like other societies at Yale. Bonesmen include U.S. Presidents such as George H. W. Bush and William Howard Taft, Supreme Court Justices, and U.S. business leaders.

Both 2004 Presidential Nominees - Democratic Massachusetts Senator John Kerry and Republican President George W. Bush - were members of Skull and Bones. The nominees were interviewed separately by Meet the Press's Tim Russert. When asked about the organization, both declined to give any details. [3]

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Что делать законам там, где царствуют одни деньги? (Гай Арбитр Петроний)

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