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Старый 30.05.2007, 16:52   #32
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<div class='quotetop'>Цитата(Araz Mamedov @ 30.5.2007, 7:10) [snapback]62848[/snapback]</div>
Я не понимаю в каком пункте мое объяснение Берка противоречит Британике?
Вы привели цитату из Британики, я пояснил, что речь идет о беркианской трактовке общественного договора. Что тут противоречивого?
Ну вот еще раз посмотрите этот текст - я выделил жирным шрифтом его отношение к демократии (по мнению Британники)

The outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789 was initially greeted in England with much enthusiasm. Burke, after a brief suspension of judgment, was both hostile to it and alarmed by this favourable

English reaction. He was provoked into writing his Reflections on the Revolution in France (1790) by a sermon of the Protestant dissenter Richard Price welcoming the Revolution. Burke's deeply felt antagonism to the new movement propelled him to the plane of general political thought;

it provoked a host of English replies, of which the best known is Thomas Paine's The Rights of Man (1791-92).

In the first instance Burke discussed the actual course of the Revolution, examining the personalities, motives, and policies of its leaders.

More profoundly, he attempted to analyze the fundamental ideas animating the movement and,

fastening on the Revolutionary concepts of "the rights of man" and popular sovereignty, emphasized the dangers of democracy in the abstract and the mere rule of numbers when unrestrained and unguided by the responsible leadership of a hereditary aristocracy.

Further, he challenged the whole rationalist and idealist temper of the movement.

It was not merely that the old social order was being pulled down. He argued, further, that the moral fervour of the Revolution, and its vast speculative schemes of political reconstruction, were causing a devaluation of tradition and inherited values and a thoughtless destruction of the painfully acquired material and spiritual resources of society. Against all this, he appealed to the example and the virtues of the English constitution: its concern for continuity and unorganized growth; its respect for traditional wisdom and usage rather than speculative innovation,

for prescriptive, rather than abstract, rights; its acceptance of a hierarchy of rank and property;
its religious consecration of secular authority and recognition of the radical imperfection of all human contrivances.

As an analysis and prediction of the course of the Revolution, Burke's French writings, though frequently intemperate and uncontrolled, were in some ways strikingly acute;

but his lack of sympathy with Revolutions positive ideals concealed from him its more fruitful and permanent potentialities.

Burke opposed the French Revolution to the end of his life, demanding war against the new state and gaining a European reputation and influence.

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